Arezou Azad is Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Birmingham. She was founder and co-Director of the Balkh Art and Cultural Heritage project, funded by the Leverhulme Trust and based at the University of Oxford (2011-14). She received her D.Phil. from the University of Oxford in 2010. She published her monograph, The Sacred Landscape of Medieval Balkh, with Oxford University Press in 2013, and has written articles on medieval Balkh and the Fadaʾil-i Balkh, the city's earliest surviving local history of which she is now preparing a revised Persian edition and English translation. Prior to joining academia, she served as a peacekeeper and development worker for the United Nations and non-governmental organisations in a number of countries, including Bosnia-Herzegovina, Brazil and Timor-Leste.